The purpose of the Iliad: Schrott finds the answer
in the Assyrian great king Assurbanipal (668-630 BC) and his large library in Ninive. Assurbanipal collected all the literature known at the time in its capital Ninive, which he wanted to make the successor to the cultural metropolis of Babylon, destroyed in 689 BC.
My letter to the editor of the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (on Raoul Schrott “Homers Geheimnis ist gelüftet” of 22 December 2007), published in the issue of 5 February 2008:
The Iliad of Homer cannot be understood in the history of literature without the older Gilgamesh epic. Likewise, the Gospel of Mark cannot be understood without the Iliad of Homer.
Raoul Schrott has again made me aware of the important mediating role Homer plays between the ancient oriental culture, whose myths he takes up, and the Hellenistic and Roman world, which celebrates him as a role model.