The dual levels of the text: Hellenistic and Roman literature, to which the Biblical texts also belong, is scholarly
literature (Ulrich Schmitzer: Zeitgeschichte in Ovids Metamorphosen, Stuttgart 1990, p. 19f). It presupposes an educated social class that includes writers and readers / audiences. The texts are primarily written for the educated reader, but without losing sight of the simple audience. In this way, a surface text with a vivid, impressive narrative is created as well as a deep text with literary, philosophical and political references.