Just like the physicalists and the vitalists argued about the sovereignty of interpretation of biological phenomena around the year 1900,
there is currently a dispute about the emergence of spiritual phenomena. Just like physics was around the year 1900, biology is now more highly regarded as an exact natural science than the social sciences and the humanities, which are often disputed.
Just like physics was around the year 1900, biology is now the leading science. But like the physicalists around the year 1900, biologists of today fail to describe the more complex level of existence because they do not include the emergence associated with the new complexity in their calculations.
The biological theory system is only marginally suitable for the description of mental phenomena.