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According to Darwin, the development of humans from the animal kingdom

Plaza de Armas, Cusco, Peru
Plaza de Armas, Cusco, Peru


also includes the development of mental abilities in humans. He wrote:

If no organic being except for humans had any spiritual power, or if our powers were fundamentally different from those of animals, we would never be convinced that our high abilities had gradually developed.

However, it can be shown that there really is no fundamental difference of this kind.  One must admit that the gap between the intellectuality of a high-developed monkey and that of a lower fish, perhaps something like a lamprey or lancet fish, is much larger than the gap between monkeys and humans. (p. 81)

However, it can be shown that there really is no fundamental difference of this kind.  One must admit that the gap between the intellectuality of a high-developed monkey and that of a lower fish, perhaps something like a lamprey or lancet fish, is much larger than the gap between monkeys and humans. (p. 81)

Our brain has developed in co-evolution with human culture and is especially adapted to life in a culture. Furthermore, the brain is designed to assimilate to its cognitive algorithms and informational structure.

The conception of our brain seems to “suggest” the existence of a cultural storage system that ensures full development of the brain.
(German: Merlin Donald 2008: Triumph des Bewusstseins. Die Evo­lution des menschlichen Geistes, Stutt­gart, p. 15s)

According to the Darwinian theory of evolution, man’s mental abilities are also subject to the general view. There is still no generally accepted theory about how these mental abilities have developed with consciousness, language, and culture.

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