Homer’s observed historical events turn into

Giant tortoise, Darwin Station, Galapagos
Giant tortoise, Darwin Station, Galapagos

an inevitable fate brought about by the (star) gods. Homer designs his literary Troy after the Cilician Karatepe (Schrott), but his message is directed against Assur like that of the Israelite prophets.


Like literary Troy, historical Assyria must perish. The proof: the death of historical Sargon II, to whom Homer has erected a literary monument in the epic Hector.


The Iliad prophesies Assur’s downfall, even though the city is called Troy in the epic and has literarily preserved the face of historical Karatepe

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