Request for comments …, my cover letter (continued 5)
Werner H. Kelber has written a remarkable essay
(Der historische Jesus. Bedenken zur gegenwärtigen Diskussion aus der Perspektive mittelalterlicher, moderner und postmoderner Hermeneutik, in Jens Schröter and Ralph Brucker, Der historische Jesus, 2002, pp. 15-66) pointed out that the interpretation range of biblical texts has narrowed since the Middle Ages and in modern times by the fourfold sense of writing on the literal sense and further on to the historical sense of the texts.
Several references were made to the example of Socrates, where, in addition to the canonical sources of the Platonic dialogues, the writings Xenophon on Socrates are known.
The contemporary comedy poet Aristophanes draws a completely different picture of the great Greek philosopher in the comedy The Clouds. This picture differs so much from Plato’s and Xenophon’s picture that the question has been asked whether it even refers to the well-known philosopher.