Necessary rational truths and random historical truths
The real problem that historians of early Christianity
have to solve lies deeper, however. If Christianity is not ordained by a higher power, is its emergence random or a historical necessity? Is it, in Lessing’s words, a random historical truth or a necessary rational truth? To put it another way, is the emergence of Christianity a necessary requirement of the time or rather a random event?
Paul says in Ephesians 1: 10 that God sent his son when the right time, the Kairos, was fulfilled. The New Testament seems to be of the opinion that it was the deity’s free will to save mankind through his son Jesus; however, God’s goodness also forced him, so to speak, to carry out his intention.