In thesis 2.2.1 the first part of the story of Joseph was interpreted to depict Jesus’ life up to his death. Joseph

Nablus, Joseph's tomb
Nablus, Joseph’s tomb

(= Jesus) was killed by his brothers and buried. Under Agrippa the story continues: the next episode states that Joseph (now to be taken as representing Agrippa) was not killed; instead he was simply imprisoned and must now travel to a distant country, Egypt (= Rome).

He is imprisoned there; there is a positive prophecy; he is freed; he is highly respected and entrusted with the administration of the country (here Egypt, there Palestine). (On Agrippa, see Josephus, Ant. 18, 6, 1ff.).

The story of Joseph also contains another point that has not yet been considered: Benjamin (son of the south) is intended to represent Herod’s family. When the brothers (= the Jews) support Benjamin (= Herod’s clan), they recognise Benjamin as the twelfth tribe of Israel.

Herod was not a Jew; he was an Idumean, i.e. he was born in the country south of Judea, so he was literally a southerner, a son of the south, a Ben-Jamin.

The fact that Judah and his brothers in the Joseph narrative plead so strongly for Benjamin shows that Herod’s family was recognised as a Jewish family, a Jewish dynasty, but only after the Joseph narrative was continued with Agrippa.

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