Under Augustus’ imperial rule, the view widened beyond the city of Rome to include the empire, peace within the empire,
and the participation of all inhabitants, even including slaves, in the political and religious life of the city of Rome and the empire.
After achieving prosperity, the cities of Asia Minor in Hellenistic and Roman times looked for myths that linked their own past with Greece’s great past.
The pattern was the same everywhere: prosperity created the search for each city’s own significance; its own greatness was explained and idealised through a mythical past and the link to an even older culture.
In her doctoral thesis Mythische Vorväter, published in revised form as a book in 1993, Tanja Susanne Scheer describes many interesting examples of cities outside the Greek mother country.