d. The paradise garden: according to Gen. 3:23f, humanity was tempted to sin and was driven from paradise. To put it simply,

Thebes West, Ramose's tomb
Thebes West, Ramose’s tomb

this is how Biblical studies operate. The sciences that innocently promote God’s creative work like the plants and animals, that serve the faith in other words, are welcome in the paradise garden of Biblical studies.

Atheist sciences, on the other hand, that cannot resist the serpent’s temptations, that eat from the tree of knowledge (v. 5f) and expose the weaknesses of Biblical studies, are excluded from paradise.

Solutions 2a, 2b and 2c assume that there are two areas of reality whose relationship to one another must be classified. The theoretical solution 2a states: both areas come from God, so they must lead back to God; therefore a synthesis can succeed.

The practical solution 2 b leaves the relationship between the two areas open. The theoretical solution 2c is useful for the sciences, but excludes certain aspects of reality. The practical solution 2d throws the baby out with the bathwater: in driving out the atheist sciences, it also drives out the warning voices that point out the weaknesses of Biblical studies.

As a theoretical solution, 2d excludes the atheist sciences from consideration as solutions to the riddle of the world and attempts to form a synthesis solely on the basis of sciences that conform with the Bible. This approach – as we know – is destined to fail.

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